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Bottom 10 countries
Most improved countries
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Please select your measure(s) below. You can choose single or multiple measures all the way down to indicator level. Please note, it is not possible to compare multiple measures with multiple locations.
Please select your location(s) below. You can choose single or multiple countries or groups of countries. Please note, it is not possible to compare multiple countries when you have more than one measure selected.
This sub-indicator measures the number of violent events against civilians perpetrated by non-state actors. Violence against civilians is a violent event where an organised armed group deliberately inflicts violence upon unarmed non-combatants. By definition, civilians are unarmed and not engaged in political violence. Protesters are also civilians, and significant violence against protesters falls under this category. Non-state actors include rebels, political and communal/identity militias and external forces.View full country table
As citizens are the recipients of public leadership and governance, the assessment of governance performance of the IIAG is accompanied by the Citizens’ Voices dataset in an effort to contextualise the official and expert assessment data in the IIAG with the reality on the ground as perceived by citizens.
MIF has been working with and supporting Afrobarometer, the leading pan-African research institution conducting public opinion surveys on the continent, and the 2022 IIAG framework gives these more prominence. Formerly scattered at various levels in the IIAG, citizens’ assessments of various governance components are now highlighted in a Citizens’ Voices section, providing a comprehensive 'reality check' to complement the IIAG results.
This section mirrors the IIAG categories and provides public perception data on the closest proxies to the IIAG measures. However, whilst these measures are available to compare across the IIAG, it is important to note that their scores do not form part of the calculation for Overall Governance.
Use these links to quickly select multiple measures at once.
Please note that this will not select any measures from the Citizens’ Voices section. To add those, simply scroll down to Public Perception of Overall Governance and use the quick select options there.